Choosing a Crane
Depending on the situation, you may need a specific crane to get the job done. Learn about the different types of cranes before you choose to rent or buy.
Static vs. Mobile
There are two main categories of cranes: static cranes and mobile cranes. A static crane is a permanent/semi-permanent structure fixed to the ground or building that lifts and moves loads along a fixed path. A mobile crane is mounted on treads or wheels and can be moved from job site to job site.
Mobile cranes are not restricted to a fixed path like a static crane. Some mobile cranes are capable of a “pick and carry” function, where they quite literally pick up a load and carry it to a different location via its treads or wheels. Some mobile cranes require the use of outriggers, counterweights, or even on-site assembly.
A tower crane is a type of crane that is commonly seen in construction sites with high-rise buildings. It is fixed to the ground and has a tall tower that can reach up to hundreds of meters high. The tower crane’s arm, or jib, can rotate around the tower, making it capable of lifting heavy loads to different locations within the construction site. Tower cranes are known for their height and ability to lift heavy loads over long distances.
An overhead crane, also known as a bridge crane, is a type of crane that is mounted on an overhead track. It is typically used in industrial settings, such as manufacturing plants, warehouses, and shipyards. The crane consists of a movable hoist that runs along the track and can move heavy loads horizontally or vertically. Overhead cranes are commonly used for moving heavy machinery, products, and materials within a facility. They have a high lifting capacity and are ideal for areas with limited floor space.
A crawler crane is a type of crane that has a set of tracks or crawlers instead of wheels. This design allows it to move across rough terrain and soft ground. Crawler cranes are known for their stability and lifting capacity, making them ideal for heavy lifting operations. They come in various sizes, from small mini-crawlers to large cranes that can lift up to several tons.
Rough Terrain Crane
A rough terrain crane is a type of mobile crane that is designed for use in off-road conditions. It has a sturdy base and large tires that provide stability on rough terrain. Rough terrain cranes are commonly used in construction sites with uneven or rocky terrain. They are known for their mobility and lifting capacity, making them ideal for construction projects in remote locations.
A telescopic crane is a type of mobile crane that has a telescopic boom. The boom consists of multiple sections that can be extended or retracted to reach different heights. The telescopic crane is commonly used for heavy lifting in areas where there is limited space for the crane to move. It has a high lifting capacity and can reach great heights, making it ideal for construction projects that require lifting heavy loads to great heights.
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